Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are the cause of or contribute to about 30% of all injury related deaths.The leading causes of TBIs are falls (47%), being struck by or against an object (15%), and motor vehicle crashes (14%). What makes these injuries so dangerous is that a lot of times there aren’t any outward physical signs of injury. They are caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head that disrupts the brain’s normal functions. A TBI can be present with or without the loss of consciousness and is a serious issue. The effects of these injuries range from a few days to a life-time. These effects can include:
● Impaired thinking, movement, vision, or hearing
● Balancing problems
● Loss of memory or memory problems
● Emotional dysfunction such as personality changes and depression
About 5.4 million Americans are currently living with a TBI-related disability and the side effects of having one of these disabilities can affect all aspects of a person’s life. Everything from relationships with family and friends to being able to do everyday activities such as working, driving, housekeeping, and simple problem solving can be difficult. Each head injury is different and requires specialized treatment in order to make the best recovery.
There are four types of symptoms of TBIs:
1. Cognitive: difficulty thinking clearly, feeling slowed down, difficulty concentrating, difficulty remembering new information
2. Physical: headache, fuzzy or blurry vision, nausea or vomiting, dizziness, sensitivity to noise or light, balance problems, feeling tired or having no energy
3. Emotional: Irritability, sadness, more emotional, nervousness or anxiety
4. Sleep: sleeping more or less than usual, trouble falling asleep
Some symptoms appear right after you hit your head, but others you may not notice for days or months after the injury. Signs and symptoms of TBIs can be difficult to explain to others and may be easily overlooked by friends, family, and your doctor. If you or a loved one has hit your head, suffered a blow to the head, or have been in a car accident, seek medical attention immediately. If you suspect that your head injury may be caused by the negligence of others, consult the advice from an experienced injury attorney because you may be entitled to compensation for your suffering.